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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Eco-evolutionary dynamics of nested Darwinian populations and the emergence of community-level heredity

    Guilhem Doulcier et al.
    Artificial selection on communities drives the evolution of interactions and establishes community-level inheritance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The autophagy adaptor NDP52 and the FIP200 coiled-coil allosterically activate ULK1 complex membrane recruitment

    Xiaoshan Shi et al.
    Hydrogen-deuterium exchange, electron microscopy, and vesicle reconstitution show how binding of the autophagy adaptor NDP52 to the FIP200 subunit of the ULK1 complex triggers membrane binding in autophagy.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ecdysone steroid hormone remote controls intestinal stem cell fate decisions via the PPARγ-homolog Eip75B in Drosophila

    Lisa Zipper et al.
    A systemic hormone controls progenitor fate decisions independent of local fate determining pathways in the adult intestinal stem cell niche of Drosophila melanogaster..
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane characteristics tune activities of endosomal and autophagic human VPS34 complexes

    Yohei Ohashi et al.
    The lipid kinase VPS34 complexes I and II are both activated by unsaturation of substrate and non-substrate lipids, curvature, electrostatics and polyphosphoinositides, which play roles in localisation and cellular function.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Odd-paired is a pioneer-like factor that coordinates with Zelda to control gene expression in embryos

    Theodora Koromila et al.
    The gene Odd-paired is a late-acting regulator of zygotic gene expression, functioning coordinately with Zelda to influence chromatin accessibility and affecting genes expressed along both axes of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Membrane voltage dysregulation driven by metabolic dysfunction underlies bactericidal activity of aminoglycosides

    Giancarlo Noe Bruni, Joel M Kralj
    Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that can kill Escherichia coli by building up internal voltage through disrupting the normal consumption of ATP.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Emergence and diversification of a host-parasite RNA ecosystem through Darwinian evolution

    Taro Furubayashi et al.
    In an in vitro RNA replication system, an RNA spontaneously diversifies and continuously evolves through coevolution with parasitic entities.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dual histone methyl reader ZCWPW1 facilitates repair of meiotic double strand breaks in male mice

    Mohamed Mahgoub et al.
    The meiotic recombination landscape in vertebrates was re-engineered via the co-evolution of a dual histone H3K4/H3K36 methylation 'writer' PRDM9 and its 'reader' ZCWPW1 that facilitates efficient double strand break repair.