672 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three rules govern thalamocortical connectivity of fast-spike inhibitory interneurons in the visual cortex

    Yulia Bereshpolova et al.
    In the visual system, three rules guide the thalamocortical connectivity of cortical fast-spike interneurons and are key to understand the potent and broadly tuned feed-forward inhibition that they generate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors form a structured synaptic network in the developing neocortex

    David Orduz et al.
    During the second postnatal week, a temporary circuit made up of specific types of neurons plus the precursors of oligodendrocytes is established in the brain, and may promote the maturation of oligodendrocytes in preparation for myelination.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    An afferent white matter pathway from the pulvinar to the amygdala facilitates fear recognition

    Jessica McFadyen et al.
    A subcortical white matter connection from the pulvinar to the amygdala predicts how well we recognise fearful faces and the strength of feed-forward neural connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin directs partner-specific synaptic connectivity in C. elegans

    Alison Philbrook et al.
    Investigation of synapse development using a single neuron system illuminates how individual neurons specify connectivity with their postsynaptic partners and the central role of the synaptic organizer neurexin in this process.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes refine cortical connectivity at dendritic spines

    W Christopher Risher et al.
    Spines with multiple excitatory contacts are potential sites for competition between thalamic and cortical axons, which is regulated by the astrocytes through the secreted synaptogenic protein hevin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopaminergic inputs gate amygdala intercalated cell clusters by distinct and cooperative mechanisms in male mice

    Ayla Aksoy-Aksel et al.
    Dopaminergic input shapes activity of specialized amygdala inhibitory cell clusters by ionotropic and metabotropic mechanisms that may enable their selection during distinct fear-related behavioral states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spike frequency adaptation supports network computations on temporally dispersed information

    Darjan Salaj et al.
    Spike frequency adaptation provides spiking neural networks with long short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation of spontaneous activity in the developing visual cortex

    Marina E Wosniack et al.
    To generate stable and robust connectivity refinements, the amplitude of spontaneous activity events in the developing visual cortex adapts to the recent history of cortical activation.

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