3,455 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of visual inputs on neural dynamics for coding of location and running speed in medial entorhinal cortex

    Holger Dannenberg et al.
    Spatial accuracy of grid cell firing correlates with the slope of the local field potential theta frequency vs. running speed relationship and integrates velocity signals over past time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired speed encoding and grid cell periodicity in a mouse model of tauopathy

    Thomas Ridler et al.
    Dementia-related tau pathology reduces speed encoding in the medial entorhinal cortex and is associated with reduced grid cell function, whilst head direction tuning remains intact.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Burst muscle performance predicts the speed, acceleration, and turning performance of Anna’s hummingbirds

    Paolo S Segre et al.
    Maneuverability is thought to be limited by either intrinsic constraints or physiological capacity, and automated tracking of flying hummingbirds reveals that muscle capacity explains much of the variation in their flight trajectories.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Ecology

    Mass enhances speed but diminishes turn capacity in terrestrial pursuit predators

    Rory P Wilson et al.
    Increased mass enhances speed but compromises turning capacity in pursuit predators; this has widespread ramifications for the best strategies for predators and prey during chases according to their relative masses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamus and claustrum control parallel layer 1 circuits in retrosplenial cortex

    Ellen KW Brennan et al.
    Parallel input streams to layer 1 identify a computationally distinct principal neuronal subtype ideally positioned to support spatial orientation computations in the granular retrosplenial cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized contributions of mid-tier stages of dorsal and ventral pathways to stereoscopic processing in macaque

    Toshihide W Yoshioka et al.
    Visual area MT signals binocular disparity quickly and robustly, whereas area V4 or its upstream area transforms the nature of the signals to derive a more sophisticated depth representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial cell firing during virtual navigation of open arenas by head-restrained mice

    Guifen Chen et al.
    A mouse virtual reality system is presented which allows normal spatial behavior and place, grid and head-direction cell firing patterns in 2-D arenas, and is compatible with electrophysiology and multi-photon imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Absent phasing of respiratory and locomotor rhythms in running mice

    Coralie Hérent et al.
    When mice run, their breathing frequency increases but breaths are not temporally synchronized to strides at any speed or gait.
    1. Neuroscience

    Removal of inhibition uncovers latent movement potential during preparation

    Uday K Jagadisan, Neeraj J Gandhi
    Non-invasive disinhibition of the oculomotor system shows that ongoing preparatory activity in the superior colliculus has movement-generating potential and need not rise to threshold in order to produce a saccade.

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