28 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MCU encodes the pore conducting mitochondrial calcium currents

    Dipayan Chaudhuri et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments reveal that a gene called MCU encodes the ion channel pore that allows calcium ions to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Super Spy variants implicate flexibility in chaperone action

    Shu Quan et al.
    Lab-evolved 'super Spy' chaperones show enhanced flexibility, which allows them to bind to and stabilize proteins more effectively than natural chaperones.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-autonomous regulation of epithelial cell quiescence by calcium channel Trpv6

    Yi Xin et al.
    Genetics, in vivo imaging, and unbiased chemical biology screens reveal that Trpv6 functions as a cellular quiescence regulator and delineates a Trpv6-mediated Ca2+ signaling pathway maintaining the quiescent state.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Signalling through AMPA receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors promotes myelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte survival

    Eleni Kougioumtzidou et al.
    Electrically active axons in white matter stimulate their own myelination by releasing glutamate, which signals through AMPA-type glutamate receptors on nearby oligodendrocyte precursors and newly-differentiating oligodendrocytes, enhancing their survival and hence their ability to myelinate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Insights into electrosensory organ development, physiology and evolution from a lateral line-enriched transcriptome

    Melinda S Modrell et al.
    An unbiased transcriptomic approach reveals that developing paddlefish electrosensory organs express genes essential for mechanosensory hair cell development and synaptic transmission, and identifies candidates for mediating electroreceptor development and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitization of neonatal rat lumbar motoneuron by the inflammatory pain mediator bradykinin

    Mouloud Bouhadfane et al.
    The pain mediator bradykinin was found to sensitize spinal motoneurons by a direct postsynaptic action, questioning the role of motoneurons in the assessment of hyperalgesia since the withdrawal motor reflex is commonly used as a surrogate pain model.
    1. Cell Biology

    The DWORF micropeptide enhances contractility and prevents heart failure in a mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy

    Catherine A Makarewich et al.
    Cardiac-specific overexpression of a recently discovered micropeptide, DWORF, enhances calcium cycling and contractility in the heart and rescues the heart failure phenotype of a genetic mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nucleophile sensitivity of Drosophila TRPA1 underlies light-induced feeding deterrence

    Eun Jo Du et al.
    Electron-donating nucleophilic compounds activate TRPA1 ion channels in fruit flies and mosquitoes, but not humans, making TRPA1 a promising target for insect repellants.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulatory switch at the cytoplasmic interface controls TRPV channel gating

    Lejla Zubcevic et al.
    C-terminal domain of thermoTRPV channels regulates channel gating at the cytoplasmic interface through a switch-like process.

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