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    1. Neuroscience

    A thesaurus for a neural population code

    Elad Ganmor et al.
    The activity patterns of populations of neurons in the retina are organized as semantic clusters (analogous to synonyms), in which component patterns bear little physical resemblance to one another but convey the same meaning.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rampant tooth loss across 200 million years of frog evolution

    Daniel J Paluh et al.
    Teeth are maintained in two amphibian groups (caecilians and salamanders) but were lost in frogs over 20 times independently, a higher incidence of edentulism than any other major vertebrate group.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Adult axolotls can regenerate original neuronal diversity in response to brain injury

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Upon injury, the regeneration of the adult axolotl brain rebuilds neuronal diversity, but alters the original long-distance circuitry and tissue architecture.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Macrophages are necessary for epimorphic regeneration in African spiny mice

    Jennifer Simkin et al.
    Inflammatory cells differentially regulate a scarring versus a regenerating response to injury in mammals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Eya2 promotes cell cycle progression by regulating DNA damage response during vertebrate limb regeneration

    Konstantinos Sousounis et al.
    Experimental manipulation of a core DNA damage response factor and cell-cycle checkpoint regulators reveals a key role for these processes in the progenitor cells that fuel limb regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inference of nonlinear receptive field subunits with spike-triggered clustering

    Nishal P Shah et al.
    Nonlinear receptive field subunits in retinal ganglion cells are isolated and characterized by clustering spike-triggered stimuli, and validated on population responses to naturalistic and novel closed loop stimuli.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiplex CRISPR/Cas screen in regenerating haploid limbs of chimeric Axolotls

    Lucas D Sanor et al.
    A novel CRISPR-based genetic screen of candidate regeneration genes in haploid axolotl limbs reveals two genes required for proper regeneration.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Lineage tracing of genome-edited alleles reveals high fidelity axolotl limb regeneration

    Grant Parker Flowers et al.
    CRISPR-based lineage tracing in the axolotl shows that regenerated limbs are composed of the same cell lineages in the same frequencies as those that gave rise to the original limb.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Theoretical tool bridging cell polarities with development of robust morphologies

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Biological shapes and morphological transitions can emerge from combining directed interactions between cells with apical-basal and planar cell polarity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planar cell polarity-mediated induction of neural stem cell expansion during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Aida Rodrigo Albors et al.
    During axolotl spinal cord regeneration adult neural stem cells reactivate an embryonic neuroepithelial cell-like gene program that implements planar cell polarity to orient cell divisions, coupling polarized spinal cord growth with stem cell self-renewal.