450 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Microstructural organization of human insula is linked to its macrofunctional circuitry and predicts cognitive control

    Vinod Menon et al.
    In vivo quantitative analysis of multi-shell diffusion MRI reveals novel insights into microstructure of human insular cortex and its functional circuits associated with the salience network and cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Push-pull competition between bottom-up and top-down auditory attention to natural soundscapes

    Nicholas Huang, Mounya Elhilali
    Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired voice processing in reward and salience circuits predicts social communication in children with autism

    Daniel Arthur Abrams et al.
    Children with autism often 'tune out' the voices in their environment and new results show that impaired processing of voices in the brain's reward system may underlie this social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and functional organization of the human substantia nigra and its connections

    Yu Zhang et al.
    The human substantia nigra can be parcellated into three subdivisions that subserve emotional, cognitive and somatomotor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neural synchrony links intrinsic spinal sensory and motor networks during unconsciousness

    Jacob Graves McPherson, Maria F Bandres
    Persistent, non-random sensorimotor connectivity reveals the capacity of intrinsic spinal networks to purposefully replay and modify learned patterns of neural transmission during unconsciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    The amygdala instructs insular feedback for affective learning

    Dominic Kargl et al.
    Hierarchical information flow in a cortico-limbic loop between the insular cortex, central amygdala and the cholinergic basal forebrain links bodily states with environmental stimuli to guide fear and reward behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics between anterior insular cortex and right supramarginal gyrus dissociate genuine affect sharing from perceptual saliency of pretended pain

    Yili Zhao et al.
    Seeing others genuinely experiencing pain vs. pretending to be in pain is distinctively tracked by neural processes related to affect sharing and self-other distinction, enabling individuals to precisely respond to others’ actual emotions and needs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Population response magnitude variation in inferotemporal cortex predicts image memorability

    Andrew Jaegle et al.
    Population response magnitude predicts how well an image will be remembered, in both monkey inferotemporal cortex and neural networks trained to categorize objects.
    1. Neuroscience

    A frontal cortex event-related potential driven by the basal forebrain

    David P Nguyen, Shih-Chieh Lin
    Contrary to the common belief that cognitive event-related potentials are generated by local activity within the cerebral cortex, it is shown that some of these potentials are modulated by subcortical inputs.

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