2,616 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Salt-inducible kinase 3 regulates the mammalian circadian clock by destabilizing PER2 protein

    Naoto Hayasaka et al.
    Salt-inducible kinase 3 (SIK3) is an essential component of the mammalian circadian clock machinery, which governs robust circadian behavioral and other rhythms by destabilization of a core clock protein PER2 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bile salt receptor complex activates a pathogenic type III secretion system

    Peng Li et al.
    Microbial genetics and biophysical analyses provide insight into an evolutionarily conserved bile salt receptor complex used by pathogenic bacteria to sense their environment.
    1. Cell Biology

    Salt-inducible kinases mediate nutrient-sensing to link dietary sugar and tumorigenesis in Drosophila

    Susumu Hirabayashi, Ross L Cagan
    The ability of tumors to respond to nutritional signals is mediated by Salt-inducible kinases, which ensure tumor growth under nutrient-rich conditions including obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A complex peripheral code for salt taste in Drosophila

    Alexandria H Jaeger et al.
    Unlike other taste modalities, the Drosophila taste system encodes salt taste combinatorially across multiple sensory neuron classes, which combine to produce behavioural valence and plasticity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A selective gut bacterial bile salt hydrolase alters host metabolism

    Lina Yao et al.
    The deletion of a single gene encoding a selective bile salt hydrolase from the abundant human gut bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron significantly alters host metabolism.
    1. Ecology

    5α-cyprinol sulfate, a bile salt from fish, induces diel vertical migration in Daphnia

    Meike Anika Hahn et al.
    A fish-derived bile salt was shown to act as interspecific infochemical, inducing the widespread predator avoidance behavior diel vertical migration at picomolar concentrations in freshwater zooplankton of the genus Daphnia.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental lineage priming in Dictyostelium by heterogeneous Ras activation

    Alex Chattwood et al.
    The probability of a cellular response to a differentiation inducing signal is correlated with the dynamic expression of a Ras protein, and produces a ‘salt and pepper’ pattern of cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    H+- and Na+- elicited rapid changes of the microtubule cytoskeleton in the biflagellated green alga Chlamydomonas

    Yi Liu et al.
    Acidification and salt, which are two major stresses caused by environmental changes, swiftly and drastically alter the microtubule system in green algae and likely many other organisms.
    1. Cell Biology

    Secreted CLCA1 modulates TMEM16A to activate Ca2+-dependent chloride currents in human cells

    Monica Sala-Rabanal et al.
    A functional link between representative family members of the CLCA channel regulator family and TMEM16 channels suggests that these protein families may cooperate in influencing multiple homeostatic and disease physiologies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct cortical codes and temporal dynamics for conscious and unconscious percepts

    Moti Salti et al.
    Stimuli are encoded differently in the brain when perceived consciously and unconsciously; for conscious perception, the representations are stronger in certain brain regions and they display more complex dynamics.

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