830 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tau monomer encodes strains

    Apurwa M Sharma et al.
    Tau monomer from aggregate-containing cell models and tauopathy brains adopts discrete structures that act as templates, dictating the conformation of distinct strains that result from its seeding activity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel pathway of LPS uptake through syndecan-1 leading to pyroptotic cell death

    Shigetoshi Yokoyama et al.
    A novel pathway was discovered for cellular uptake of LPS through secretory protein secretoglobin3A2 and a receptor syndecan-1, causing activation of non-canonical inflammasome pathway leading to pyroptosis of cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Lipidation-independent vacuolar functions of Atg8 rely on its noncanonical interaction with a vacuole membrane protein

    Xiao-Man Liu et al.
    The core autophagy protein Atg8 plays non-autophagy roles through binding to an integral membrane protein Hfl1, which harbors an unusual Atg8-interacting motif.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation attenuation by minocycline enhances longevity and proteostasis in old post-stress-responsive organisms

    Gregory M Solis et al.
    Directly targeting the ribosome to attenuate translation partly mimics the integrated stress response, increasing lifespan and preserving protein folding capacity even in older individuals with dysfunctional stress response signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Selective agonist of TRPML2 reveals direct role in chemokine release from innate immune cells

    Eva Plesch et al.
    Direct and selective activation of TRPML2 promotes macrophage migration through release of CCL2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of tubulin recruitment and assembly by microtubule polymerases with tumor overexpressed gene (TOG) domain arrays

    Stanley Nithianantham et al.
    TOG (tumor overexpressed gene) domains organize then polymerize tubulins at microtubule plus ends.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ASH1-catalyzed H3K36 methylation drives gene repression and marks H3K27me2/3-competent chromatin

    Vincent T Bicocca et al.
    While SET-2 methylates histone H3K36 during transcription, ASH1 methylates this residue in repressed regions, is important for silencing, and can both positively and negatively influence methylation of histone H3K27.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RNA interactome of human telomerase RNA reveals a coding-independent role for a histone mRNA in telomere homeostasis

    Roland Ivanyi-Nagy et al.
    A messenger RNA coding for the histone 1.2 protein negatively regulates telomere elongation by interacting with human telomerase RNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel mode of capping protein-regulation by twinfilin

    Adam B Johnston et al.
    Twinfilin functions as a pro-capping ligand of capping protein, dynamically competing with inhibitory ligands of capping proteinto control cellular actin assembly.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

    Kevin D'hoe et al.
    Human gut bacteria alter their metabolism in response to each other's presence, which causes their community dynamics to deviate from predictions that are based on mono-culture data.

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