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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Stromule extension along microtubules coordinated with actin-mediated anchoring guides perinuclear chloroplast movement during innate immunity

    Amutha Sampath Kumar et al.
    Stromules induced during plant innate immunity dynamically interact and use the cytoskeleton to form and to direct the movement of chloroplasts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Independent manipulation of histone H3 modifications in individual nucleosomes reveals the contributions of sister histones to transcription

    Zhen Zhou et al.
    A yeast genetic model for studying the function of sister histones in chromatin dynamics.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Intracellular growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis after macrophage cell death leads to serial killing of host cells

    Deeqa Mahamed et al.
    The rapid killing of macrophages by Mycobacterium tuberculosis aggregates, and the subsequent proliferation of the bacteria inside the dead cell, leads to a cell death cascade and explains the coupling of necrosis and pathogen growth observed in active disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Exon junction complex proteins bind nascent transcripts independently of pre-mRNA splicing in Drosophila melanogaster

    Subhendu Roy Choudhury et al.
    Deposition of the exon junction complex is thought to be the missing link between pre-mRNA splicing and translation in multicellular organisms, but no evidence of such deposition has been found in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor selection dynamics in FEF explain the reaction time variance of saccades to single targets

    Christopher K Hauser et al.
    Oculomotor circuits are always busy planning the next eye movement, and this explains why, when a visual target appears, some eye movements toward it are produced very quickly whereas others take a long time to prepare.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    FoxP2 isoforms delineate spatiotemporal transcriptional networks for vocal learning in the zebra finch

    Zachary Daniel Burkett et al.
    Basal ganglia gene coexpression patterns shift across the sensorimotor critical period for vocal learning.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Copy-number and gene dependency analysis reveals partial copy loss of wild-type SF3B1 as a novel cancer vulnerability

    Brenton R Paolella et al.
    Partial copy loss of spliceosome genes are common non-driver gene dependencies in cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Horizontal transfer of whole mitochondria restores tumorigenic potential in mitochondrial DNA-deficient cancer cells

    Lan-Feng Dong et al.
    A genetic approach documents that mitochondrial DNA moves from donor cells to recipient mtDNA-depleted cells in whole mitochondria and that this restores mitochondrial respiration and the capacity of the cells to form tumours.