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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cohabiting family members share microbiota with one another and with their dogs

    Se Jin Song et al.
    Research on humans and dogs reveals that the communities of microorganisms found on the skin, on the tongue and in the intestine are affected differently by age and cohabitation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Estimating effectiveness of case-area targeted response interventions against cholera in Haiti

    Edwige Michel et al.
    Case-area targeted interventions conducted by rapid response teams appeared significantly effective to mitigate and shorten local cholera outbreaks in the Centre department of Haiti in 2015-2017.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Heart fossilization is possible and informs the evolution of cardiac outflow tract in vertebrates

    Lara Maldanis et al.
    The discovery of a fossil heart in Rhacolepis buccalis demonstrates that it is possible to scrutinize the fossil record for important clues on cardiac structure and evolution.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Emergence and diversification of a host-parasite RNA ecosystem through Darwinian evolution

    Taro Furubayashi et al.
    In an in vitro RNA replication system, an RNA spontaneously diversifies and continuously evolves through coevolution with parasitic entities.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planarian stem cells sense the identity of the missing pharynx to launch its targeted regeneration

    Tisha E Bohr et al.
    Loss of a single organ, the planarian pharynx, triggers immediate proliferation and expansion of stem cells required to replace it.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cross-talk between individual phenol-soluble modulins in Staphylococcus aureus biofilm enables rapid and efficient amyloid formation

    Masihuz Zaman, Maria Andreasen
    Inter-molecular cross-seeding between phenol-soluble modulins facilitates rapid and efficient self-assembly in Staphylococcus aureus biofilms revealing a complex molecular interplay between distinct phenol-soluble modulins orchestrating functional amyloid formation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human ORC/MCM density is low in active genes and correlates with replication time but does not delimit initiation zones

    Nina Kirstein et al.
    Replication origins are established throughout the genome with the exception of transcribed genes, and the local chromatin composition likely modulates the density of ORC and MCM as well as origin activation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Tudor SND1 protein is an m6A RNA reader essential for replication of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

    Belinda Baquero-Perez et al.
    SND1 has m6A-reading ability and is essential for Kaposi's sarcoma-associated lytic replication.