721 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutSα maintains the mismatch repair capability by inhibiting PCNA unloading

    Yoshitaka Kawasoe et al.
    Biochemical analysis in Xenopus egg extracts reveals that the MutSα mismatch sensor retains the DNA-bound replication clamp to maintain a post-replicative temporal window permissive to strand-specific repair of mismatches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial hypothalamic neurons control a defensive emotion state

    Prabhat S Kunwar et al.
    Stimulation of specific neurons within the hypothalamus triggers a fear-like emotion state and behavioral response in mice, challenging the textbook view that the hypothalamus serves simply as a relay for emotion states encoded in the amygdala.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Single-molecule functional anatomy of endogenous HER2-HER3 heterodimers

    Byoungsan Choi et al.
    Single-molecule immunoprecipitation method reveals that the high catalytic rate and multi-tasking capability make a concerted contribution to the strong signaling potency of the HER2-HER3 heterodimers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Super-resolution imaging of a 2.5 kb non-repetitive DNA in situ in the nuclear genome using molecular beacon probes

    Yanxiang Ni et al.
    Molecular beacon based FISH shows the capability of visualizing a 2.5 kb non-repetitive genomic DNA sequence in situ in human or mouse nuclear genome at super resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human pyramidal to interneuron synapses are mediated by multi-vesicular release and multiple docked vesicles

    Gábor Molnár et al.
    The compactness of synaptic release sites coupled with their four-fold number in humans compared to rats provides unprecedented scaleability in operation of human synapses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning recurrent dynamics in spiking networks

    Christopher M Kim, Carson C Chow
    Modifying the recurrent connectivity of spiking networks provides sufficient flexibility to generate arbitrarily complex recurrent dynamics, suggesting that individual neurons in a recurrent network have the capability to support near universal dynamics.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vaccine Design: Chimeras could help in the fight against leptospirosis

    Jademilson C Santos, Ana Lucia TO Nascimento
    Understanding the structure of an antigen can guide the design of improved antigen-based vaccines.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction Error: The expanding role of dopamine

    Bradley B Doll, Nathaniel D Daw
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