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    1. Neuroscience

    Simultaneous two-photon imaging and two-photon optogenetics of cortical circuits in three dimensions

    Weijian Yang et al.
    An all-optical 3D two-photon imaging and photostimulation platform was demonstrated, with the capability to precisely stimulate a large group of cells in mice cortex in vivo with low laser power.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Increasing evidence of mechanical force as a functional regulator in smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase

    Fabian Baumann et al.
    Atomic force microscopy based single-molecule force spectroscopy of smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase strongly indicates the existence of a mechanically triggerable activation pathway analogous to its well-established biochemical regulation pathway via calcium-loaded calmodulin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Super-resolution imaging of a 2.5 kb non-repetitive DNA in situ in the nuclear genome using molecular beacon probes

    Yanxiang Ni et al.
    Molecular beacon based FISH shows the capability of visualizing a 2.5 kb non-repetitive genomic DNA sequence in situ in human or mouse nuclear genome at super resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-scale mapping along the auditory hierarchy using high-resolution functional UltraSound in the awake ferret

    Célian Bimbard et al.
    Functional UltraSound imaging allows mapping tonotopic organisation in multiple auditory subcortical and cortical brain structures with an unprecedented spatial functional resolution, while giving access to long-distance top-down connectivity pattern from frontal cortex to auditory cortex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Substrate stiffness governs the initiation of B cell activation by the concerted signaling of PKCβ and focal adhesion kinase

    Samina Shaheen et al.
    The combination of molecular imaging, genetic and pharmacological approaches revealed that BCR signaling and PKCβ-dependent activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is required for B cell mechanosensing.
    1. Cell Biology

    Duodenum Intestine-Chip for preclinical drug assessment in a human relevant model

    Magdalena Kasendra et al.
    Combining Organs-on-Chips technology with adult intestinal organoids provides an improved model of human duodenum and a new platform for preclinical drug assessment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Neuroscience

    MAPLE (modular automated platform for large-scale experiments), a robot for integrated organism-handling and phenotyping

    Tom Alisch et al.
    A new versatile, autonomous, robotic experimental platform (MAPLE) can increase the throughput of biological experiments by automating the growth and phenotyping of a variety of model organisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cis-regulatory evolution integrated the Bric-à-brac transcription factors into a novel fruit fly gene regulatory network

    Maxwell J Roeske et al.
    The conserved biochemical activity of the duplicate Bab transcription factors were integrated into the regulatory hierarchy of an evolving gene regulatory network by binding site gains in a target gene's cis-regulatory region.