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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Head-to-tail interactions of the coiled-coil domains regulate ClpB activity and cooperation with Hsp70 in protein disaggregation

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Overcoming image-processing problems in the analysis of the ClpB chaperone provides a new structural model and regulatory mechanism, based on clear density for the coiled-coil domain and supported by various biochemical data.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A connectome and analysis of the adult Drosophila central brain

    Louis K Scheffer et al.
    New reconstruction methods are used to create a publicly available dense reconstruction of the neurons and chemical synapses of central brain of Drosophila, with analysis of its graph properties.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of genetically identified neurons imaged by serial-section electron microscopy

    Maximilian Joesch et al.
    A new pipeline of electron microscopy techniques reduces the time required to visualize genetically targeted neurons and their connections by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasmon resonance and the imaging of metal-impregnated neurons with the laser scanning confocal microscope

    Karen J Thompson et al.
    A new method allows silver- and gold-labeled tissues to be imaged with confocal microscopy, avoiding the problem of fluorescence photobleaching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep-learning-based three-dimensional label-free tracking and analysis of immunological synapses of CAR-T cells

    Moosung Lee et al.
    Rapid, label-free, volumetric, and automated assessment of the immunological synapse dynamics is demonstrated by combining optical diffraction tomography and deep-learning-based segmentation, providing a new option for immunological research.
    1. Medicine

    Vanishing white matter disease expression of truncated EIF2B5 activates induced stress response

    Matthew D Keefe et al.
    Neurological pathology and chronic activation of the induced stress response are caused by expression of a truncated EIF2B5 in vanishing white matter disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Junction Mapper is a novel computer vision tool to decipher cell–cell contact phenotypes

    Helena Brezovjakova et al.
    Junction Mapper is a powerful new semi-automated software that provides a fingerprint of cell–cell contact morphometry and receptor density alterations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurora kinase A localises to mitochondria to control organelle dynamics and energy production

    Giulia Bertolin et al.
    AurkA is imported into mitochondria at interphase, and it induces organelle elongation and enhances ATP production when over-expressed.