159 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Starvation-induced regulation of carbohydrate transport at the blood–brain barrier is TGF-β-signaling dependent

    Helen Hertenstein et al.
    Detailed analysis of transporter expression and glucose uptake rates shows that carbohydrate import at the blood–brain barrier is adapted via TGF-βsignaling-dependent transcriptional regulation of carbohydrate transporters to protect the brain form effects of nutrient shortage.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A calcineurin-mediated scaling mechanism that controls a K+-leak channel to regulate morphogen and growth factor transcription

    Chao Yi et al.
    Calcineurin regulates an electrophysiological mechanism that activates the transcription of specific developmental genes in a heirarchical manner to scale fish appendages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common virulence gene expression in adult first-time infected malaria patients and severe cases

    J Stephan Wichers et al.
    Parasites with pathogenic variant surface antigens are common in adult malaria patients with a naive immune status.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating taxonomic, functional, and strain-level profiling of diverse microbial communities with bioBakery 3

    Francesco Beghini et al.
    The bioBakery 3 platform enables improved, integrated, and strain-level analysis of microbial communities from large-scale meta-omic data.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the complex transcription network controlling biofilm formation in Candida species

    Eugenio Mancera et al.
    The transcription networks controlling biofilm formation in Candida species exhibit 'structural' similarities, but show gradual substitutions of transcription regulators and frequent changes in target genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FRET-based dynamic structural biology: Challenges, perspectives and an appeal for open-science practices

    Eitan Lerner et al.
    A summary of the current “state-of-the-field” of single-molecule FRET used for probing biomolecular structural dynamics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dynamic interactions between the RNA chaperone Hfq, small regulatory RNAs, and mRNAs in live bacterial cells

    Seongjin Park et al.
    RNA chaperone Hfq dynamically binds various pools of cellular RNAs to execute different regulatory functions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness variation across subtle environmental perturbations reveals local modularity and global pleiotropy of adaptation

    Grant Kinsler et al.
    A set of adaptive mutations affect only a small number of phenotypes that matter in the evolution condition, and yet contain substantial latent functional diversity revealed in distant environments.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Proteomics reveals synergy between biomass degrading enzymes and inorganic Fenton chemistry in leaf-cutting ant colonies

    Morten Schiøtt, Jacobus J Boomsma
    Leaf-cutting ants use their fecal fluid to vector enzymes produced by their fungal symbiont to degrade plant biomass with a combination of degradation enzymes and Fenton chemistry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral role of PACAP signaling reflects its selective distribution in glutamatergic and GABAergic neuronal subpopulations

    Limei Zhang et al.
    Placing the PACAP/PAC1 signaling within glutamate/GABA cell type and subregional contexts in mouse brain reveals its conspicuous role for sensorimotor circuit interaction through modulating neuronal plasticity.

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