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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness variation across subtle environmental perturbations reveals local modularity and global pleiotropy of adaptation

    Grant Kinsler et al.
    A set of adaptive mutations affect only a small number of phenotypes that matter in the evolution condition, and yet contain substantial latent functional diversity revealed in distant environments.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Proteomics reveals synergy between biomass degrading enzymes and inorganic Fenton chemistry in leaf-cutting ant colonies

    Morten Schiøtt, Jacobus J Boomsma
    Leaf-cutting ants use their fecal fluid to vector enzymes produced by their fungal symbiont to degrade plant biomass with a combination of degradation enzymes and Fenton chemistry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral role of PACAP signaling reflects its selective distribution in glutamatergic and GABAergic neuronal subpopulations

    Limei Zhang et al.
    Placing the PACAP/PAC1 signaling within glutamate/GABA cell type and subregional contexts in mouse brain reveals its conspicuous role for sensorimotor circuit interaction through modulating neuronal plasticity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The rise and fall of the ancient northern pike master sex-determining gene

    Qiaowei Pan et al.
    Tracing the evolution of an old master sex determination gene reveals a diversity of sex determination transitions, including a complete Y chromosome loss, among an old teleost order (Esociformes).
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comparison of induced neurons reveals slower structural and functional maturation in humans than in apes

    Maria Schörnig et al.
    Neurons mature slower in humans than in other non-human primates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial modulation of visual responses arises in cortex with active navigation

    E Mika Diamanti et al.
    Spatial modulation along the visual pathway arises in the cortex and strengthens with active navigation and experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Data-driven reduction of dendritic morphologies with preserved dendro-somatic responses

    Willem AM Wybo et al.
    A flexible and accurate methodology to fit reduced compartmental models to dendritic morphologies shows that models with very few compartments can capture many dendritic computations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulatory roles of Escherichia coli 5' UTR and ORF-internal RNAs detected by 3' end mapping

    Philip P Adams et al.
    Multiple RNA-seq approaches globally mapped RNA 3´ ends resulting in the discovery of numerous and diverse RNA regulators.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mechanistic basis of the EMC-dependent biogenesis of distinct transmembrane clients

    Lakshmi E Miller-Vedam et al.
    Structure-function characterization of the EMC's cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and lumenal domains reveal features critical for terminal helix insertion and a specialized role for the lumenal domain in polytopic membrane protein biogenesis.