192 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Resting-state gamma-band power alterations in schizophrenia reveal E/I-balance abnormalities across illness-stages

    Tineke Grent-'t-Jong et al.
    Resting-state MEG-activity and MRS-GABA/Glx measurements reveal that there is a significant shift in excitability during the course of schizophrenia, involving hyperexcitability during the onset and a reduction at chronic stages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A genomic lifespan program that reorganises the young adult brain is targeted in schizophrenia

    Nathan G Skene et al.
    A genetic program controlling brain genes across the lifespan specifies a calendar of changes in cells, synapses and behavioural genes thereby timing the onset of mental illnesses which arise in young adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell autonomous regulation of hippocampal circuitry via Aph1b-γ-secretase/neuregulin 1 signalling

    Pietro Fazzari et al.
    Genetic rescue experiments reveal that γ-secretase enzymes containing Aph1b subunits control signalling by type III neuregulin 1, with implications for schizophrenia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular control of local sleep in mouse sensory cortex

    Laura MJ Fernandez et al.
    Local cortical sleep features arise subcortically due to heterogeneous burst discharge in neurons of a sleep rhythm pacemaker previously thought to act uniformly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autistic traits, but not schizotypy, predict increased weighting of sensory information in Bayesian visual integration

    Povilas Karvelis et al.
    Autistic traits are associated with weaker influence of prior expectations in visual perception, which is due to more precise sensory representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron dependent behaviors mediated by glutamate cotransmission

    Susana Mingote et al.
    The conditional reduction of glutaminase in mouse dopamine neurons selectively attenuates glutamate cotransmission at phasic frequencies, revealing the role of dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission in the attribution of motivational salience.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired fast-spiking interneuron function in a genetic mouse model of depression

    Jonas-Frederic Sauer et al.
    Truncated Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (Disc 1) ablates signaling of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons in the prefrontal cortex and underlies depression-related behaviour in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A highly tunable dopaminergic oscillator generates ultradian rhythms of behavioral arousal

    Ian D Blum et al.
    An internal clock based on brain levels of dopamine works with the circadian clock to maintain daily patterns of alertness and activity, and may be implicated in the altered behavioral patterns seen in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

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