208 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Three-dimensional reconstruction of a whole insect reveals its phloem sap-sucking mechanism at nano-resolution

    Xin-Qiu Wang et al.
    3D reconstruction for an insect provides new internal structures at nanometer resolution, and the reconstructed feeding insect reveals unexpected contraction of stylet protractors and suggested a novel phloem sap-sucking model.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spinoparabrachial circuit defined by Tacr1 expression drives pain

    Arnab Barik et al.
    A circuit involving Tacr1-expressing neurons in the spinal cord and the parabrachial nucleus controls how mice respond to a wide range of persistently painful stimuli.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative frontal-parietal dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee
    Analysis of human fMRI data reveal that intermediary areas within the fronto-parietal control network (FPCN) are critical for integrating control processing, cognitive ability, and amenability to neuromodulation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TDP-43 maximizes nerve conduction velocity by repressing a cryptic exon for paranodal junction assembly in Schwann cells

    Kae-Jiun Chang et al.
    Glial TDP-43 regulates splicing and expression of neurofascin and is required for proper assembly and maintenance of paranodal axoglial junctions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of cortical control over the descending pain modulatory system determines the development of the neuropathic pain state in rats

    Robert AR Drake et al.
    Alterations to brain network communication leading to a progressive loss in descending inhibitory modulation of the spinal cord is a key determinate of pain state development following peripheral nerve injury.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Individual variation in Achilles tendon morphology and geometry changes susceptibility to injury

    Nai-Hao Yin et al.
    Studying individual Achilles tendon geometry and interface sliding capacity may allow prediction of injury sites, and targeted training on specific muscle-(sub-)tendon units may boost beneficial outcomes for Achilles tendinopathy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-autonomous immune response regulates stress signaling during hypertrophy

    Robert Krautz et al.
    The immune effector Drosomycin buffers stress signaling in hypertrophic salivary glands to inhibit their disintegration, detection by the cellular immune response, and promotes further overgrowth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of MAP3K DLK and LZK in Purkinje cells causes rapid and slow degeneration depending on signaling strength

    Yunbo Li et al.
    The activity levels of two closely related MAPKKK are differentially regulated in Purkinje neuron survival.

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