208 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the immune response to sciatic nerve injury identifies efferocytosis as a key mechanism of nerve debridement

    Ashley L Kalinski et al.
    In the injured sciatic nerve, blood-derived monocytes and macrophages eat dying leukocytes, thereby contributing to nerve debridement and inflammation resolution, and this correlates with neuronal regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remodeling of lumbar motor circuitry remote to a thoracic spinal cord injury promotes locomotor recovery

    Ying Wang et al.
    Retrograde transport of NT-3 stimulated the reorganization of lumbar neural circuitry and synaptic connectivity remote to a thoracic SCI, along with improved behavioral recovery.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase-dependent PERK activation contributes to neuronal degeneration following insult

    Martin Larhammar et al.
    Two seemingly distinct cellular stress response pathways that contribute to neurodegeneration after axonal insults are now revealed to be under the control of a single master regulator of the neuronal injury response, the kinase DLK.
    1. Neuroscience

    Antinociceptive modulation by the adhesion GPCR CIRL promotes mechanosensory signal discrimination

    Sven Dannhäuser et al.
    An interdisciplinary approach uncovers a new antinociceptive molecular mechanism and shows that the adhesion GPCR CIRL adjusts the sensation of gentle touch and noxious mechanical insult in opposite directions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of pain in vivo with a photoactive mGlu5 receptor negative allosteric modulator

    Joan Font et al.
    Localized drug photoactivation provides light-mediated analgesia in behaving mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific exon methylation and CTCF binding in neurons regulate calcium ion channel splicing and function

    Eduardo Javier López Soto, Diane Lipscombe
    Cell-specific alternative splicing of the synaptic calcium channel gene Cacna1b is controlled by exon hypomethylation and CTCF binding and is disrupted following nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase is required for mechanical allodynia and microgliosis after nerve injury

    Josette J Wlaschin et al.
    The DLK response pathway in neurons initiates the cascade of events leading to neuropathic pain after injury.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Axon tension regulates fasciculation/defasciculation through the control of axon shaft zippering

    Daniel Šmít et al.
    Competition between adhesive and tensile forces regulates axon fasciculation, thus introducing a new role of mechanical tension in the development of neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Injury-induced perivascular niche supports alternative differentiation of adult rodent CNS progenitor cells

    Justyna Ulanska-Poutanen et al.
    Distinctive microenvironments within demyelinated white matter determine fate decisions of adult oligodendrocyte progenitor cells.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.

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