924 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Visually-updated hand state estimates modulate the proprioceptive reflex independently of motor task requirements

    Sho Ito, Hiroaki Gomi
    Distortion and elimination of limb visual feedback affects low-level stretch reflex control, indicating the involvement of a high-level and multimodal representation of the limb state in orchestrating hierarchical sensorimotor control.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Downsizing the molecular spring of the giant protein titin reveals that skeletal muscle titin determines passive stiffness and drives longitudinal hypertrophy

    Ambjorn Brynnel et al.
    Genetically altering the size of the molecular spring element in the giant protein titin established that titin determines the stiffness of skeletal muscle and the number of sarcomeres in series.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Human kinetochores are swivel joints that mediate microtubule attachments

    Chris A Smith et al.
    The outer domain of the kinetochore can rotate (swivel) around the centromere, and this rather than intra-kinetochore stretching is coupled to anaphase onset.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tgfβ signaling is required for tenocyte recruitment and functional neonatal tendon regeneration

    Deepak A Kaji et al.
    TGFß signaling regulates migration of tenogenic cells from Scx- and non-Scx lineages and is required for functional regeneration after neonatal tendon injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehension of computer code relies primarily on domain-general executive brain regions

    Anna A Ivanova et al.
    The domain-general executive brain regions support the use of a novel cognitive tool even when it is structurally similar to natural language.
    1. Neuroscience

    Detecting changes in dynamic and complex acoustic environments

    Yves Boubenec et al.
    Psychophysics experiments and EEG recordings reveal that people's performance in detecting unexpected changes in complex auditory scenes can be modeled as a process of sensory evidence accumulation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Musashi proteins are post-transcriptional regulators of the epithelial-luminal cell state

    Yarden Katz et al.
    Genetic mouse models and human cell lines show that Musashi proteins promote an epithelial/luminal state and inhibit epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), and genome-wide maps of translational regulatory targets connect Musashi proteins to an epithelial alternative splicing program and to the regulation of EMT.
    1. Cell Biology

    Male meiotic spindle features that efficiently segregate paired and lagging chromosomes

    Gunar Fabig et al.
    Chromosome segregation in male spermatocytes exhibits anaphase A without shortening of autosome-associated microtubules and partitioning of an unpaired X chromosome that is initiated by an imbalance of attached kinetochore microtubules.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.

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