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60 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Heterogeneity of murine periosteum progenitors involved in fracture healing

    Brya G Matthews et al.
    Murine periosteum is highly enriched for osteoprogenitors, many of which express αSMA, but fracture callus chondrocytes are partially derived from other sources.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sox9+ messenger cells orchestrate large-scale skeletal regeneration in the mammalian rib

    Stephanie T Kuwahara et al.
    Large-scale skeletal regeneration requires Hh signaling in Sox9+ lineage cells to coordinate callus formation and bone repair.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dual histone methyl reader ZCWPW1 facilitates repair of meiotic double strand breaks in male mice

    Mohamed Mahgoub et al.
    The meiotic recombination landscape in vertebrates was re-engineered via the co-evolution of a dual histone H3K4/H3K36 methylation 'writer' PRDM9 and its 'reader' ZCWPW1 that facilitates efficient double strand break repair.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neural crest-specific deletion of Rbfox2 in mice leads to craniofacial abnormalities including cleft palate

    Dasan Mary Cibi et al.
    The identification of the splicing code and all the required components of alternative splicing will be crucial for a comprehensive understanding of this process in the neural crest cell biology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    T-box3 is a ciliary protein and regulates stability of the Gli3 transcription factor to control digit number

    Uchenna Emechebe et al.
    The transcription and splicing factor T-box3 is present in primary cilia, regulates multiple aspects of limb development, and interacts with members of the protein complex required for the stability and processing of the Gli3 transcription factor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiplex image-based autophagy RNAi screening identifies SMCR8 as ULK1 kinase activity and gene expression regulator

    Jennifer Jung et al.
    An image-based multiplex autophagosome RNAi screen targeting all Rab GTPases as well as their GAPs and GEFs identifies the Rab GEF SMCR8 as multifaceted autophagy modulator, which regulates kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1.

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