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    1. Neuroscience

    Defined neuronal populations drive fatal phenotype in a mouse model of Leigh syndrome

    Irene Bolea et al.
    Glutamatergic brainstem neurons drive motor and respiratory deficits, and GABAergic basal ganglia neurons cause hypothermia and fatal epileptic events, in a model of mitochondrial disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single regulator NrtR controls bacterial NAD+ homeostasis via its acetylation

    Rongsui Gao et al.
    Functional definition of NrtR and the discovery of its acetylation represents a first paradigm for linking protein acetylation to bacterial central NAD+ metabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory syncytial virus co-opts host mitochondrial function to favour infectious virus production

    MengJie Hu et al.
    RSV's unique ability to co-opt host cell mitochondria to facilitate viral infection reveals the RSV-mitochondrial interface as a viable target for therapeutic intervention.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the rhodopsin-Gαi-βγ complex reveals binding of the rhodopsin C-terminal tail to the gβ subunit

    Ching-Ju Tsai et al.
    The structure of a light-sensitive G protein-coupled receptor in complex with a Gi-protein heterotrimer provides a structural foundation for the role of the receptor C-terminal tail in scaffolding and signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-mediated control of developmental lymphangiogenesis

    Hyun Min Jung et al.
    Lymphatic-enriched microRNA miR-204 is required for lymphatic development through its effects on the key lymphatic transcription factor NFATC1.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Taar1 gene variants have a causal role in methamphetamine intake and response and interact with Oprm1

    Alexandra M Stafford et al.
    The trace amine-associated receptor 1 gene has a causal role in methamphetamine intake and thermal response, and interacts with the mu-opioid receptor gene in its methamphetamine addiction-related effects.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A crystal structure of a collaborative RNA regulatory complex reveals mechanisms to refine target specificity

    Chen Qiu et al.
    A Caenorhabitis elegans RNA-binding protein, FBF-2, modulates RNA sequence motif recognition through conformational change and partner protein interaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Population response magnitude variation in inferotemporal cortex predicts image memorability

    Andrew Jaegle et al.
    Population response magnitude predicts how well an image will be remembered, in both monkey inferotemporal cortex and neural networks trained to categorize objects.