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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the bifunctional secretin complex of Thermus thermophilus

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    The pilus extrusion/DNA uptake system of Thermus thermophilus contains a 13-mer of the 757-residue PilQ protein and a tightly bound protein outside the outer membrane with a role in DNA binding.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bile salt receptor complex activates a pathogenic type III secretion system

    Peng Li et al.
    Microbial genetics and biophysical analyses provide insight into an evolutionarily conserved bile salt receptor complex used by pathogenic bacteria to sense their environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cocaine-induced endocannabinoid signaling mediated by sigma-1 receptors and extracellular vesicle secretion

    Yoki Nakamura et al.
    Non-synaptic extracellular vesicles may be involved in the release of endogenous cannabinoids in the central nervous system thereby representing a novel mechanism to mediate their effects on synaptic transmission.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a type IV pilus machinery in the open and closed state

    Vicki AM Gold et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals a huge conformational change in the secretin domain of the type IV pilus machinery that occurs when the channel opens for pilus extrusion.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetic code expansion enables visualization of Salmonella type three secretion system components and secreted effectors

    Moirangthem Kiran Singh et al.
    Genetic code expansion (GCE) enables site-specific labeling and visualization of Salmonella secreted effectors, secretion system components and provides a viable alternative for labeling proteins that do not tolerate N- or C-terminal tags.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different dendritic domains of the GnRH neuron underlie the pulse and surge modes of GnRH secretion in female mice

    Li Wang et al.
    Electrical activity at the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuron cell body and proximal dendrites is not required for the pulsatile secretion of GnRH that controls fertility.
    1. Medicine

    Increase in clinically recorded type 2 diabetes after colectomy

    Anders B Jensen et al.
    This nationwide register-based study of diabetes risk after colectomy suggests that the left colon contributes to maintenance of glucose homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Antipsychotic olanzapine-induced misfolding of proinsulin in the endoplasmic reticulum accounts for atypical development of diabetes

    Satoshi Ninagawa et al.
    The mechanism identified here that mediates olanzapine-induced b-cell dysfunction should be considered, along with weight gain, in mitigating adverse side effects when patients with schizophrenia are prescribed olanzapine.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Increase of circulating IGFBP-4 following genotoxic stress and its implication for senescence

    Nicola Alessio et al.
    Protein IGFBP-4 acts as a genotoxic stress mediator that, entering into circulation after its secretion by senescent cells, could promote further senescence phenomena in non-injured cells thus impairing tissues’ homeostasis.