883 results found
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cryo-EM structure of the human uromodulin filament core reveals a unique assembly mechanism

    Jessica J Stanisich et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals that an unexpected domain separation in the zona pellucida module of uromodulin is required for its assembly to filamentous homopolymers that promote pathogen clearance in urinary tract infections.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The host exosome pathway underpins biogenesis of the human cytomegalovirus virion

    Declan L Turner et al.
    The HCMV virion envelope is derived from the host exosome membrane, and exosome machinery and export pathways facilitate virion egress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial pyruvate carrier is required for optimal brown fat thermogenesis

    Vanja Panic et al.
    Mitochondrial pyruvate transport is required for brown fat thermogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing variation of BMP2K balances abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation in erythroid cells

    Jaroslaw Cendrowski et al.
    Erythroid-enriched BMP2K kinase, in addition to its predicted function in endocytosis, regulates distribution and abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation through opposing actions of its two splicing variants.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Resource plasticity-driven carbon-nitrogen budgeting enables specialization and division of labor in a clonal community

    Sriram Varahan et al.
    Sufficient aspartate drives specialization within a microbial colony, when some cells use it to create a limited carbon-resource, while other cells consume this resource and use aspartate for nucleotide synthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel acidification mechanism for greatly enhanced oxygen supply to the fish retina

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    A novel mode of oxygen delivery facilitated the adaptive evolution of vision in teleost fishes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals distinct patterns of cell state heterogeneity in mouse models of breast cancer

    Syn Kok Yeo et al.
    The unraveling of distinct mammary tumor hierarchies in various mouse models of breast cancer emphasizes the need to account for specific cell states with potentially varying therapeutic vulnerabilities in tumors.

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