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    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal Circuits: How we see the forest and the trees

    Jeffrey S Diamond
    Specific pathways in the retina help us see spatial detail in our visual world.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Feed-forward recruitment of electrical synapses enhances synchronous spiking in the mouse cerebellar cortex

    Andreas Hoehne et al.
    Transient recruitment of electrical synapses mediates precisely timed excitation and inhibition to enhance synchronized control of cerebellar cortical output.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple alleles at a single locus control seed dormancy in Swedish Arabidopsis

    Envel Kerdaffrec et al.
    Natural variation for an adaptively important life history trait is largely due to variation at a single, major-effect locus with multiple alleles, demonstrating that not all complex traits are massively polygenic.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Shed EBA-175 mediates red blood cell clustering that enhances malaria parasite growth and enables immune evasion

    May M Paing et al.
    Plasmodium falciparum invasion protein EBA-175, once shed from the parasite surface post invasion, facilitates RBC clustering and enhances parasite growth while simultaneously enabling parasite immune evasion of host neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Ecology

    Mass enhances speed but diminishes turn capacity in terrestrial pursuit predators

    Rory P Wilson et al.
    Increased mass enhances speed but compromises turning capacity in pursuit predators; this has widespread ramifications for the best strategies for predators and prey during chases according to their relative masses.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hidden long-range memories of growth and cycle speed correlate cell cycles in lineage trees

    Erika E Kuchen et al.
    The combination of statistical inference and perturbation experiments reveals that trans-generational inheritance of cell size and cell-cycle speed, coupled through a minimum-size checkpoint, shapes paradoxical cell-cycle correlations in lineage trees.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic 2P-STED imaging reveals high turnover of dendritic spines in the hippocampus in vivo

    Thomas Pfeiffer et al.
    Super-resolution STED microscopy is demonstrated for the first time in the deeply embedded mouse hippocampus in vivo, revealing direct evidence for an unprecedentedly high level of synapse remodeling in a brain structure closely associated with memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal inputs engage CCK+ interneurons to mediate endocannabinoid-modulated feed-forward inhibition in the prefrontal cortex

    Xingchen Liu et al.
    Endocannabinoids modulate ventral hippocampal inputs to the infralimbic prefrontal cortex by dampening feed-forward inhibition mediated by cholecystokinin-expressing (CCK+) interneurons onto layer 5 intratelencephalic (IT) cells.