523 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A taxonomy of seizure dynamotypes

    Maria Luisa Saggio et al.
    Taxonomy of seizure dynamics (TSD) provides a rigorous method for classifying and quantifying seizures and a principled framework for understanding seizure initiation and propagation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A model for focal seizure onset, propagation, evolution, and progression

    Jyun-you Liou et al.
    Usage-dependent inhibition breakdown and neural adaptation underpins the key spatiotemporal dynamics of human focal seizures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seizures are a druggable mechanistic link between TBI and subsequent tauopathy

    Hadeel Alyenbaawi et al.
    A traumatic brain injury model is invented for larval zebrafish and applied to a new fluorescent 'tauopathy reporter fish', revealing a role for seizures in progression towards dementias.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocytes control potassium accumulation in white matter and seizure susceptibility

    Valerie A Larson et al.
    Oligodendrocytes in white matter use Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channels to prevent extracellular potassium accumulation, enabling neurons to sustain repetitive firing and limiting the initiation of seizures.
    1. Neuroscience

    A homozygous loss-of-function CAMK2A mutation causes growth delay, frequent seizures and severe intellectual disability

    Poh Hui Chia et al.
    A biallelic missense mutation in the highly conserved, neuron-specific kinase CAMK2A abrogates holoenzyme assembly and causes a new inherited neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute inhibition of neurosteroid estrogen synthesis suppresses status epilepticus in an animal model

    Satoru M Sato, Catherine S Woolley
    Seizures stimulate estrogen synthesis in the brain and acutely inhibiting brain estrogen synthesis suppresses seizures, in both sexes, without additional interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Postictal behavioural impairments are due to a severe prolonged hypoperfusion/hypoxia event that is COX-2 dependent

    Jordan S Farrell et al.
    Local tissue hypoxia follows seizures, is responsible for postictal behavioural dysfunction rather than the seizures per se and can be treated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Protein arginine methylation facilitates KCNQ channel-PIP2 interaction leading to seizure suppression

    Hyun-Ji Kim et al.
    The PRMT1 protein mediates arginine methylation of KCNQ2 channels to control neuronal excitability.

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