2,121 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory selective attention is enhanced by a task-irrelevant temporally coherent visual stimulus in human listeners

    Ross K Maddox et al.
    Faced with multiple sources of sound, humans can better perceive all of a target sound's features when one of those features changes in time with a visual stimulus.
    1. Neuroscience

    The human auditory brainstem response to running speech reveals a subcortical mechanism for selective attention

    Antonio Elia Forte et al.
    Selective attention to one of two speakers consistently modulates the response of the human auditory brainstem to each speaker's pitch.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bottom-up and top-down computations in word- and face-selective cortex

    Kendrick N Kay, Jason D Yeatman
    A computational model reveals how response properties of category-selective regions in the visual cortex reflect both bottom-up stimulus-driven signals and top-down attentional signals from the parietal cortex.
  1. Plain-language Summaries of Research: An inside guide to eLife digests

    Stuart RF King et al.
    After summarizing over 2,400 articles in plain language, the eLife Features team shares what it has learnt about writing and editing for a broad audience.
  2. Living Science: Grandmother elephants

    Eve Marder
    As new technology makes it possible to perform experiments that were unimaginable a decade ago, Eve Marder argues that we can still learn from the past.
  3. Science Policy: Reforming research assessment

    Randy Schekman, Mark Patterson
    It is time for the research community to rethink how the outputs of scientific research are evaluated and, as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment makes clear, this should involve replacing the journal impact factor with a broad range of more meaningful approaches.
    Editorial
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