137 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A dedicated diribonucleotidase resolves a key bottleneck for the terminal step of RNA degradation

    Soo-Kyoung Kim et al.
    RNA degradation is completed through specific intermediates, such as diribonucleotides, which must be removed from the cells by a specific enzyme.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Functional divergence of Plexin B structural motifs in distinct steps of Drosophila olfactory circuit assembly

    Ricardo Guajardo et al.
    Systematic in vivo analysis reveals the divergent engagement of Plexin B structural motifs in distinct neurodevelopmental processes and a regulatory role of convertase cleavage in Plexin B signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of mitochondrial and ER factors in quality control of tail-anchored proteins

    Verena Dederer et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum E3 ubiquitin ligase Doa10 and the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Msp1 govern targeting fidelity of outer mitochondrial tail-anchored proteins by controlling cytoplasmic concentration and extracting mistargeted and orphan species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerated redevelopment of vocal skills is preceded by lasting reorganization of the song motor circuitry

    Michiel Vellema et al.
    The ability to quickly re-acquire a previously lost motor skill is associated with lasting synaptic changes in the brain circuit that controls that motor skill.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy between serum amyloid A and secretory phospholipase A2

    Shobini Jayaraman et al.
    SAA removes toxic products of lipolysis of the cell membrane by sPLA2, indicating that SAA and sPLA2 act synergistically to clear debris from injured sites, as required for tissue healing.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.

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