24 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat behavior and dopamine release are modulated by conspecific distress

    Nina T Lichtenberg et al.
    Rat behavior and dopamine release are preferentially modulated by subjective rather than objective evaluation of outcomes in a social setting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vicarious reward unblocks associative learning about novel cues in male rats

    Sander van Gurp et al.
    Rats learn to interpret cues predicting rewards delivered to social partners as valuable, but only if social information exchange is possible.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The innate immune sensor IFI16 recognizes foreign DNA in the nucleus by scanning along the duplex

    Sarah A Stratmann et al.
    The scanning-assisted clustering mechanism of IFI16 not only allows efficient assembly on exposed foreign-dsDNA, but also suppresses the engagement of chromatinized self-dsDNA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preparation for upcoming attentional states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex

    Eren Günseli, Mariam Aly
    Memory guides attention by enabling preparation for upcoming states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neurobiological association of revenge propensity during intergroup conflict

    Xiaochun Han et al.
    Intergroup conflict increases human endogenous oxytocin, which predicts the medial prefrontal activity associated with ingroup pain and propensity to seek revenge upon the outgroup.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The allosteric activation of cGAS underpins its dynamic signaling landscape

    Richard M Hooy, Jungsan Sohn
    Rigorous biophysical studies reconcile several conflicting views on how cGAS is activated, and present a new unifying allosteric activation mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contribution of correlated noise and selective decoding to choice probability measurements in extrastriate visual cortex

    Yong Gu et al.
    Addressing the controversy regarding the interpretation of choice probabilities demonstrates that both readout strategy and noise correlations contribute to the link between neural activity and perceptual decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.

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