2,743 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Self-blinding citizen science to explore psychedelic microdosing

    Balázs Szigeti et al.
    The anecdotally reported benefits of psychedelics microdosing can be explained by the placebo effect.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The selectivity of the Na+/K+-pump is controlled by binding site protonation and self-correcting occlusion

    Huan Rui et al.
    Computations based on detailed atomic models explain how the ATP-driven sodium-potassium pump avoids transporting the wrong type of ions in order to maintain the physiological concentration of sodium and potassium ions across the cell membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    CELF RNA binding proteins promote axon regeneration in C. elegans and mammals through alternative splicing of Syntaxins

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Genetics and genomics approaches reveal a conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that promotes adult axon regeneration from worm to mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Symmetric exchange of multi-protein building blocks between stationary focal adhesions and the cytosol

    Jan-Erik Hoffmann et al.
    In the cytosol, the proteins constituting cell-matrix adhesion sites form multi-protein building blocks which enter and leave these sites unaltered, thereby contributing to their rapid and correct self-assembly.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Stochastic yield catastrophes and robustness in self-assembly

    Florian M Gartner et al.
    Fluctuations in the availability of particles for binding can completely jeopardize yield in heterogeneous self-assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture and RNA binding of the human negative elongation factor

    Seychelle M Vos et al.
    The structural architecture of the 4-subunit, RNA-binding human negative elongation factor NELF is derived by a combination of X-ray crystallography and protein crosslinking.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral hijacking of a replicative helicase loader and its implications for helicase loading control and phage replication

    Iris V Hood, James M Berger
    A phage-encoded protein inhibits a bacterial replicative helicase loading factor by exploiting an internal site that auto-regulates loader self-assembly and ATPase activity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ATP hydrolysis by the viral RNA sensor RIG-I prevents unintentional recognition of self-RNA

    Charlotte Lässig et al.
    Mutations within the ATPase domain of RIG-I in patients with Singleton-Merten Syndrome prevent ATP-hydrolysis dependent dissociation of RIG-I from double-stranded RNA and lead to unintentional constitutive signaling through increased binding of endogenous RNA.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shape selection and mis-assembly in viral capsid formation by elastic frustration

    Carlos I Mendoza, David Reguera
    Nucleation, elasticity theory, and simulations were combined to construct a general phase diagram that elucidates the conditions for successful viral assembly and the key factors to prevent it.

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