3,137 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota

    Lieselotte SM Kreuk et al.
    Microbial-sensing TLRs drive responses to the microbiota, while nucleic-acid sensing TLRs control responses to endogenous ligands, revealing novel regulation of B-1a responses through integrated BCR/TLR mediated activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Discriminative stimuli are sufficient for incubation of cocaine craving

    Rajtarun Madangopal et al.
    Stimuli signaling reward availability potentiate and control relapse for up to 300 days of abstinence following cocaine, but not food, self-administration in rats.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Rapid changes in morphogen concentration control self-organized patterning in human embryonic stem cells

    Idse Heemskerk et al.
    Live cell imaging demonstrates that the dynamics of ligand presentation influence signaling through two closely related morphogen signaling pathways in dramatically different ways.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Conserved functional antagonism of CELF and MBNL proteins controls stem cell-specific alternative splicing in planarians

    Jordi Solana et al.
    A conserved alternative splicing program is specific to planarian stem cells and is controlled by the highly conserved splicing factors CELF and MBNL; therefore, this mode of regulating stem cells is likely ancestral to all animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane binding controls ordered self-assembly of animal septins

    Agata Szuba et al.
    Nanoscaleimaging reveals that animal septins form dense filamentous networks on biomimeticlipid membranes, explaining how septins may regulate cell surface rigidity.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Intestinal epithelium-derived BMP controls stem cell self-renewal in Drosophila adult midgut

    Aiguo Tian, Jin Jiang
    The niche signal that ensures stem cells self-renew appropriately has been identified in the midgut of Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The dynamic transmission of positional information in stau- mutants during Drosophila embryogenesis

    Zhe Yang et al.
    In stau-mutants, the Hunchback boundary shifts posteriorly by 10% EL but shows comparable variability to that of the wild type in short time windows in nuclear cycle 14.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.

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