1,675 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal variability and tuning are balanced to optimize naturalistic self-motion coding in primate vestibular pathways

    Diana E Mitchell et al.
    A match between neuronal variability and tuning enables optimized coding of natural self-motion in early vestibular pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coding strategies in the otolith system differ for translational head motion vs. static orientation relative to gravity

    Mohsen Jamali et al.
    Through different coding strategies, irregular and regular otolith afferents preferentially encode translational self-motion and changes in static head orientation relative to gravity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar re-encoding of self-generated head movements

    Guillaume P Dugué et al.
    The cerebellum encodes self-generated head rotations in a head posture-dependent manner, providing in particular a representation of how the head rotates about axes referenced relative to gravity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct spatial coordinate of visual and vestibular heading signals in macaque FEFsem and MSTd

    Lihua Yang, Yong Gu
    In both frontal and temporal–parietal visual cortices of macaque, distinct spatial coordinates of visual and vestibular signals are predominantly eye centered and head centered, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of visual and non-visual cues in constructing a rotation-invariant representation of heading in parietal cortex

    Adhira Sunkara et al.
    Visual information (optic flow) can be used to discount self-generated rotations and aid in the accurate representation of heading.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Protocadherin-dependent dendritic self-avoidance regulates neural connectivity and circuit function

    Dimitar Kostadinov, Joshua R Sanes
    Patterning of dendrites by protocadherin-dependent self-avoidance and self/non-self discrimination is required for proper function of a retinal circuit that computes the direction of motion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A 3D culture model of innervated human skeletal muscle enables studies of the adult neuromuscular junction

    Mohsen Afshar Bakooshli et al.
    Human skeletal muscle progenitors and motor neurons self-organize in three-dimensional co-culture to form functional neuromuscular junctions that developmentally mature from the embryonic to the adult state.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.

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