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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Predicting the effect of statins on cancer risk using genetic variants from a Mendelian randomization study in the UK Biobank

    Paul Carter et al.
    Genetic evidence in humans suggests that statins reduce cancer risk via a cholesterol-independent pathway.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Topology-driven protein-protein interaction network analysis detects genetic sub-networks regulating reproductive capacity

    Tarun Kumar et al.
    Regulatory networks of genes controlling different aspects of insect reproduction have been identified by a systems-level analysis of quantitative phenotypic information obtained from the loss of individual cell signaling genes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the bacterial ribosome at 2 Å resolution

    Zoe L Watson et al.
    High-resolution maps and models of the bacterial ribosome provide new chemical insights into protein synthesis, and should enable the development of robust tools for cryo-EM structure modeling and refinement.
  1. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: Marcus Lambert

    Marcus Lambert, Assistant Dean of Diversity at Weill Cornell Medicine, describes how improving diversity in the scientific workforce is going to take more than attracting students from underrepresented groups.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The transcriptomic response of cells to a drug combination is more than the sum of the responses to the monotherapies

    Jennifer EL Diaz et al.
    The transcriptomic profiles of the constituent monotherapies of synergistic drug pairs tend to be correlated and result in novel gene expression in the combinations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A connectome and analysis of the adult Drosophila central brain

    Louis K Scheffer et al.
    New reconstruction methods are used to create a publicly available dense reconstruction of the neurons and chemical synapses of central brain of Drosophila, with analysis of its graph properties.
    1. Cell Biology

    PLK-1 promotes the merger of the parental genome into a single nucleus by triggering lamina disassembly

    Griselda Velez-Aguilera et al.
    The polo-like kinase (Plk1) phophorylates the C. elegans lamin LMN-1 to promote timely lamina disassembly, which is essential for the merging of the parental chromosomes at the beginning of life.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized inhibition in the Drosophila mushroom body

    Hoger Amin et al.
    A large interneuron in the Drosophila mushroom body has compartmentalized activity, which causes localized inhibition and predicts that Kenyon cells inhibit themselves more than they inhibit other individual Kenyon cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    PTPRG is an ischemia risk locus essential for HCO3-dependent regulation of endothelial function and tissue perfusion

    Kristoffer B Hansen et al.
    HCO3-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.