595 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The tardigrade damage suppressor protein binds to nucleosomes and protects DNA from hydroxyl radicals

    Carolina Chavez et al.
    Dsup, a unique protein found only in tardigrades, is a nucleosome-binding protein that protects DNA from damage by hydroxyl radicals, such as those generated by ionizing radiation or oxidants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High-endothelial cell-derived S1P regulates dendritic cell localization and vascular integrity in the lymph node

    Szandor Simmons et al.
    Impairment of the autocrine S1PR1-Gi signaling on HEVs results in high-endothelial cell apoptosis, reduced CCL21-secretion from HEVs, and cessation of HEV-DC interactions and lymphocyte immigration across the high-endothelial barrier.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Size control of the inner ear via hydraulic feedback

    Kishore R Mosaliganti et al.
    Size regulation of the otic vesicle, the progenitor of the inner ear, is mediated by mechanical feedback involving fluid influx, hydraulic pressure, and tissue mechanics.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The NKCC1 antagonist bumetanide mitigates interneuronopathy associated with ethanol exposure in utero

    Alexander GJ Skorput et al.
    Prenatal ethanol exposure results in aberrant tangential migration by altering NKCC1-mediated chloride homeostasis that can be mitigated by bumetanide.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A new class of disordered elements controls DNA replication through initiator self-assembly

    Matthew W Parker et al.
    DNA replication initiation proteins contain a disordered domain that impacts each stage of their function, from chromatin recruitment and initiator co-assembly to the subsequent displacement of the factors from chromatin.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Yin and Yang isoforms of a chromatin remodeling subunit precedes the creation of two genes

    Wen Xu et al.
    Gene sharing through different isoforms can precede the formation of independent genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Extensive ribosome and RF2 rearrangements during translation termination

    Egor Svidritskiy et al.
    Ensemble cryo-EM visualizes how structural rearrangements poise the newly made protein and release factor RF2 to dissociate in preparation for ribosome recycling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased expression of heme-binding protein 1 early in Alzheimer's disease is linked to neurotoxicity

    Oleksandr Yagensky et al.
    Increased levels of brain Hebp1 starting from the presymptomatic stage of Alzheimer’s disease contributes to progressive neuronal loss by triggering mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in neurons exposed to elevated heme.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic silencing of a multifunctional plant stress regulator

    Mark Zander et al.
    Interplay between histone demethylation and chromatin remodeling shapes the chromatin environment of the essential stress regulator ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE2.

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