45 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Medicine

    Characterization and prediction of clinical pathways of vulnerability to psychosis through graph signal processing

    Corrado Sandini et al.
    A novel methodical approach aimed at improving translation of network analyses to psychopathology provides an intuitive representation of longitudinal clinical pathways between symptoms and can assist in predicting prognosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insula to mPFC reciprocal connectivity differentially underlies novel taste neophobic response and learning in mice

    Haneen Kayyal et al.
    aIC to mPFC connections are correlative and necessary both for taste novelty behavior and learning while the reciprocal connection from mPFC to aIC is correlative and necessary for novelty behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ankyrin-R regulates fast-spiking interneuron excitability through perineuronal nets and Kv3.1b K+ channels

    Sharon R Stevens et al.
    Analysis of AnkyrinR conditional knockout mice shows that AnkyrinR regulates PV+ fast-spiking interneurons by organizing and maintaining perineuronal nets and through the membrane clustering of Kv3.1b K+ channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics of semantic categorization in semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia

    V Borghesani et al.
    Following anterior temporal lobe neurodegeneration, defective semantic representations are compensated via enhanced perceptual processing and associated with a dysregulation of the semantic control system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Whole-genome sequencing analysis of semi-supercentenarians

    Paolo Garagnani et al.
    Genetic variants located in DNA repair genes and a reduced burden of somatic mutations protect the oldest living persons from age-related diseases, allowing an healthy aging phenotype.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic disruption of WASHC4 drives endo-lysosomal dysfunction and cognitive-movement impairments in mice and humans

    Jamie L Courtland et al.
    Cellular etiology of a human WASH complex mutation in mice reveals its specific roles in neuronal organelle trafficking and a surprising role in motor impairments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Short-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia leads to changes in gene expression seen in chronic pulmonary disease

    Gang Wu et al.
    RNA profiles from lungs of mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia shared similarity with gene expression changes in human lung from patients with pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and asthma.
    1. Neuroscience

    Longitudinal stability of medial temporal lobe connectivity is associated with tau-related memory decline

    Quanjing Chen et al.
    Phosphorylated tau was related to a loss of structural stability in medial temporal lobe connectivity, and this loss of stability moderated the relationship between phosphorylated tau accumulation and memory decline.

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