174 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential temporal dynamics during visual imagery and perception

    Nadine Dijkstra et al.
    In contrast to perception, during visual imagery, there are no clear time-locked processing stages and imagery specifically overlaps with perceptual processing around 160 ms after stimulus onset and from 300 ms onwards.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A homozygous loss-of-function CAMK2A mutation causes growth delay, frequent seizures and severe intellectual disability

    Poh Hui Chia et al.
    A biallelic missense mutation in the highly conserved, neuron-specific kinase CAMK2A abrogates holoenzyme assembly and causes a new inherited neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Variant proteins stimulate more IgM+ GC B-cells revealing a mechanism of cross-reactive recognition by antibody memory

    Bronwen R Burton et al.
    Investigation of antibody responses to variant Dengue virus proteins demonstrate new mechanisms that could increase the potential for vaccines to protect against mutable pathogens such as Flu, Dengue and HIV.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat anterior cingulate cortex recalls features of remote reward locations after disfavoured reinforcements

    Ali Mashhoori et al.
    The anterior cingulate cortex intermixes a precise spatial map with a cognitive map of the task, and spontaneously recalls multimodal information about unrealized choice outcomes during pauses in behavior after reinforcements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Multi-view light-sheet imaging and tracking with the MaMuT software reveals the cell lineage of a direct developing arthropod limb

    Carsten Wolff et al.
    Quantitative analyses of multi-dimensional microscopy datasets with a new Fiji/ImageJ plugin for cell tracking reveal the lineage restrictions and morphogenetic cellular behaviors underlying embryonic limb outgrowth in the direct developing crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glutamatergic drive along the septo-temporal axis of hippocampus boosts prelimbic oscillations in the neonatal mouse

    Joachim Ahlbeck et al.
    Combined optogenetics and electrophysiology in vivo identified the cellular substrate of hippocampal drive that initiates the oscillatory entrainment of prefrontal cortex in neonatal mice.

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