262 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Seminal fluid compromises visual perception in honeybee queens reducing their survival during additional mating flights

    Joanito Liberti et al.
    After insemination, honeybee queens experience a rapid reduction in vision and flight performance, consistent with an ongoing sexual conflict over the number of mating flights that queens embark on.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans can efficiently look for but not select multiple visual objects

    Eduard Ort et al.
    During search for multiple targets, individuals can efficiently prepare to select multiple target objects simultaneously, but the actual selection of those objects from the sensory input is limited.
    1. Neuroscience

    HCN channel-mediated neuromodulation can control action potential velocity and fidelity in central axons

    Niklas Byczkowicz et al.
    The cAMP-HCN pathway can control action potential conduction velocity providing neuromodulators with the ability to tune energy consumption and temporal delays across axons in the brain.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct subdivisions of human medial parietal cortex support recollection of people and places

    Edward H Silson et al.
    Recalling either specific people or places from memory selectively recruits separate regions of human medial parietal cortex in a pattern reminiscent of how visual cortex represents these visual categories.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shared neural underpinnings of multisensory integration and trial-by-trial perceptual recalibration in humans

    Hame Park, Christoph Kayser
    Facing discrepancies in the sensory environment, multisensory information is combined in the medial superior parietal cortex to guide immediate judgements and to also adjust subsequent unisensory perception.

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