174 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    Tropical disease

    Tropical Disease: A Collection of Articles

    Curated by Prabhat Jha et al.
    eLife has published papers on many tropical diseases, including malaria, Ebola, leishmaniases, Dengue and African sleeping sickness.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic transcription factor expression in mice predicts medial amygdala neuronal identity and sex-specific responses to innate behavioral cues

    Julieta E Lischinsky et al.
    Studying the development of the medial amygdala in the mouse reveals how the brain may potentially process sex differences in innate behaviors such as mating.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogliaform cortical interneurons derive from cells in the preoptic area

    Mathieu Niquille et al.
    In vivo genetic lineage-tracing reveals the developmental trajectory of neurogliaform cells, the main effectors of a powerful inhibitory motif in the neocortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.

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