302 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative and distinctive coding of visual and conceptual object features in the ventral visual stream

    Chris B Martin et al.
    Perirhinal cortex, a brain structure located in the medial temporal lobe, uniquely supports the integration of visual and conceptual object information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual Cognition: In sight, in mind

    Mariam Aly
    A region of the brain called the perirhinal cortex represents both what things look like and what they mean.
    Insight
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    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic NMDA receptors in parvalbumin neurons enable strong and stable neuronal assemblies

    Jonathan H Cornford et al.
    NMDA receptors on PV+ interneurons mediate supralinear integration at feedback synapses from local pyramidal neurons, enabling competing networks to ‘lock’ onto salient inputs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The quantity of CD40 signaling determines the differentiation of B cells into functionally distinct memory cell subsets

    Takuya Koike et al.
    Unveiling a mechanism for the fate decision of B-cell differentiation into two functionally distinct memory B cell subsets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular control of local sleep in mouse sensory cortex

    Laura MJ Fernandez et al.
    Local cortical sleep features arise subcortically due to heterogeneous burst discharge in neurons of a sleep rhythm pacemaker previously thought to act uniformly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 contributes to a rapid homeostatic plasticity of intrinsic excitability in CA1 pyramidal neurons in vivo

    Peter James Morgan et al.
    Short, theta-bursts of action potential firing decrease the global excitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons, providing an internal mechanism which could regulate their allocation to memory engrams.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for the precuneus in network-wide theta and gamma oscillatory activity during complex memory retrieval

    Melissa Hebscher et al.
    Inhibitory noninvasive stimulation to the precuneus disrupts theta and gamma oscillatory coupling between medial temporal lobes and neocortical regions during complex personal memory retrieval.

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