Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
Cerebellar Purkinje neurons use a multiplexed simple spike code combining synchrony/spike time and firing rate, with each component encoding distinct information about movements such as motion onset timing and kinematics.
The first patch-clamp recordings from single cerebellar granule cells during locomotion reveal that the entire step sequence can be predicted from both excitatory synaptic input and output spikes from a single neuron.
The generation and systematic characterisation of driver lines labelling a large number of neurons in the Drosophila innate olfactory processing centre bridges electron microscopy neuronal reconstructions, circuits and behaviour.
Oxytocin signaling plays a critical role in a molecularly defined neuronal population of the Medial Amygdala to modulate the behavioral and physiological responses of male mice to females on a moment-to-moment basis.
Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.