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    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian and efficient observer model explains concurrent attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception

    Matthias Fritsche et al.
    Attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception occur simultaneously, yet over dissociable timescales, and are explained by efficient encoding and Bayesian decoding of visual information in a stable environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling gain one photon at a time

    Gregory W Schwartz, Fred Rieke
    Single absorbed photons trigger adaptational mechanisms that help the retina maintain sensitivity across a wide range of background illumination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain

    Elisa Zamboni et al.
    Laminar fMRI reveals that adaptive processing involves recurrent processing within visual cortex and top-down influences from posterior parietal cortex via feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation of spontaneous activity in the developing visual cortex

    Marina E Wosniack et al.
    To generate stable and robust connectivity refinements, the amplitude of spontaneous activity events in the developing visual cortex adapts to the recent history of cortical activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrating prediction errors at two time scales permits rapid recalibration of speech sound categories

    Itsaso Olasagasti, Anne-Lise Giraud
    Keeping flexible adaptable representations of speech categories at different time scales allows the brain to maintain stable perception in the face of varying speech sound characteristics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    BOLD activity throughout the cortex, including auditory cortex and associative regions, reveals that adaptation is shorter in dyslexia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peripheral sensory coding through oscillatory synchrony in weakly electric fish

    Christa A Baker et al.
    Sensory receptors encode stimuli by transiently synchronizing ongoing electrical oscillations, conferring enhanced sensitivity to communication signals produced by large groups of conspecifics.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Adaptation of olfactory receptor abundances for efficient coding

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    A model of efficient coding by olfactory neurons explains context-dependence observed in the effect of perturbations to the olfactory environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Divisive suppression explains high-precision firing and contrast adaptation in retinal ganglion cells

    Yuwei Cui et al.
    The convergence of two visual pathways at the level of retinal bipolar cells accounts for key features of ganglion cell responses.