3,349 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Co-targeting myelin inhibitors and CSPGs markedly enhances regeneration of GDNF-stimulated, but not conditioning-lesioned, sensory axons into the spinal cord

    Jinbin Zhai et al.
    Myelin-associated inhibitors and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are not the primary mechanism stopping sensory axons regenerating into the spinal cord, although their removal can markedly enhance regeneration when combined with an intervention that elevates axon growth capacity sufficiently robustly.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde Ret signaling controls sensory pioneer axon outgrowth

    Adam Tuttle et al.
    Long-range Ret receptor signaling promotes axon outgrowth and regulates growth cone dynamics in pioneer neurons by inducing transcriptional changes in Myosin-X expression.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MEGF8 is a modifier of BMP signaling in trigeminal sensory neurons

    Caitlin Engelhard et al.
    A protein called Megf8 regulates the activity of key signaling molecules involved in the development of the peripheral nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ephrin-A/EphA specific co-adaptation as a novel mechanism in topographic axon guidance

    Felix Fiederling et al.
    A distinctive novel mechanism of ephrin-A/EphA signaling modulation in retinal growth cones ensures concurrent quantitative accuracy and adaptability of topographic hardwiring.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monitoring ATP dynamics in electrically active white matter tracts

    Andrea Trevisiol et al.
    ATP imaging of spiking optic nerve axons in real time reveals correlation between ATP levels and electrical activity as well as contribution of lactate metabolism to axonal ATP homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The role of the NMD factor UPF3B in olfactory sensory neurons

    Kun Tan et al.
    The nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) branch-specific factor UPF3B influences olfactory sensory neuron cell populations, the olfactory receptor repertoire, and antimicrobial gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of ERK and AKT signaling promotes axon regeneration and functional recovery of PNS and CNS in Drosophila

    Qin Wang et al.
    Precise spatiotemporal optogenetic activation of ERK and AKT signaling pathways reveals neural repair mechanisms of the peripheral and central nervous systems in live Drosophila larvae.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of subcellular dendritic synapse specificity by axon guidance cues

    Emily C Sales et al.
    Axon guidance cues restrict sensory neuron synapse formation to a subset of equally acceptable interneuronal dendritic arbors during Drosophila locomotor circuit assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    An insect-like mushroom body in a crustacean brain

    Gabriella Hannah Wolff et al.
    An insect-like mushroom body in one group of crustaceans, the mantis shrimps (Stomatopoda), suggests either an ancient origin of this center and its reduction and loss in other crustaceans, or an extraordinary example of convergent evolution with the insect mushroom body.

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