1,194 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical response states for enhanced sensory discrimination

    Diego A Gutnisky et al.
    Enhanced perceptual discrimination occurs when ongoing population activity in visual cortex is in a 'silent' mode in which neurons optimize information extraction.
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sweet neurons inhibit texture discrimination by signaling TMC-expressing mechanosensitive neurons in Drosophila

    Shun-Fan Wu et al.
    Drosophila use distinct sensory mechanisms to detect and integrate the same tactile and taste information in two decision-making tasks that serve two different purposes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased influence of prior choices on perceptual decisions in autism

    Helen Feigin et al.
    Perceptual decisions are influenced by preceding choices to a larger extent in individuals with autism spectrum disorder, such that they demonstrate a greater consistency bias.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning

    Nathalie Mandairon et al.
    While both implicit and explicit learning augment neurogenesis, adult-born cells differ in their morphology, functional coupling and inhibitory action impacting differentially the olfactory bulb output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    BOLD activity throughout the cortex, including auditory cortex and associative regions, reveals that adaptation is shorter in dyslexia.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Antagonism in olfactory receptor neurons and its implications for the perception of odor mixtures

    Gautam Reddy et al.
    Computational and theoretical analyses offer novel and unexpected insight into how complex, naturally occurring odor mixtures are parsed and normalized at the very first stage of olfaction.

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