59 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbitofrontal neurons signal sensory associations underlying model-based inference in a sensory preconditioning task

    Brian F Sadacca et al.
    Neural activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) represents incidental stimulus-stimulus associations, providing additional evidence for OFC having a role in cognition beyond functions centered on processing value or biological significance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Responding to preconditioned cues is devaluation sensitive and requires orbitofrontal cortex during cue-cue learning

    Evan E Hart et al.
    The orbitofrontal cortex is necessary for learning about value-neutral sensory associations to impact subsequent model-based behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    'Online' integration of sensory and fear memories in the rat medial temporal lobe

    Francesca S Wong et al.
    Elements of a past sensory memory are incorporated into a new fear memory, and in this way, a stimulus never paired with danger becomes frightening.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction Error: The expanding role of dopamine

    Bradley B Doll, Nathaniel D Daw
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    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shifting from fear to safety through deconditioning-update

    Bruno Popik et al.
    Deconditioning is a safe and efficient new approach to updating traumatic memories, in which fear memory is rewritten to a very low level in a long-lasting way.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioned respiratory threat in the subdivisions of the human periaqueductal gray

    Olivia K Faull et al.
    High-resolution imaging shows that the different columns of the human periaqueductal gray play differential roles in the response to a respiratory threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.

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