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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Stimulation of Piezo1 by mechanical signals promotes bone anabolism

    Xuehua Li et al.
    Mechanical stimuli activate Piezo1 in osteoblast lineage cells and thereby promote bone formation in part via Wnt1.
    1. Neuroscience

    A primal role for the vestibular sense in the development of coordinated locomotion

    David E Ehrlich, David Schoppik
    Zebrafish use their sense of gravity and their cerebellum to coordinate the fin and body movements that, as they develop, allow them to better maintain balance as they climb.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus supports deliberation during value-based decisions

    Akram Bakkour et al.
    The deliberation involved in simple preference decisions, such as those between two familiar snacks, depends on the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pretectal neurons control hunting behaviour

    Paride Antinucci et al.
    A discrete population of genetically accessible pretectal neurons controls visually guided hunting behaviour in larval zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unsupervised discovery of temporal sequences in high-dimensional datasets, with applications to neuroscience

    Emily L Mackevicius et al.
    Building on simple unsupervised matrix factorization techniques, the seqNMF algorithm successfully recovers neural sequences in a wide range of simulated and real datasets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical learning attenuates visual activity only for attended stimuli

    David Richter, Floris P de Lange
    Prior expectations, induced by statistical learning, affect sensory processing only for attended stimuli, thereby constraining neurocomputational theories that cast perception as an inferential process integrating prior knowledge and sensory evidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogenetic dissection of the Drosophila lateral horn reveals major outputs, diverse behavioural functions, and interactions with the mushroom body

    Michael-John Dolan et al.
    The generation and systematic characterisation of driver lines labelling a large number of neurons in the Drosophila innate olfactory processing centre bridges electron microscopy neuronal reconstructions, circuits and behaviour.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cerebellar folding is initiated by mechanical constraints on a fluid-like layer without a cellular pre-pattern

    Andrew K Lawton et al.
    A multi-phase wrinkling model accounts for the radial and circumferential tension and differential expansion between a uniformly proliferating outer fluid-like layer and an incompressible core that together drive cerebellar folding.