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    1. Neuroscience

    Body side-specific control of motor activity during turning in a walking animal

    Matthias Gruhn et al.
    Turning in an insect is the combined result of body-side-specific modifications in processing of local sensory feedback, and modification of local central pattern generator activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical network architecture for context processing in primate brain

    Zenas C Chao et al.
    Large-scale electrocorticography and big data analysis of brain-wide neuronal interactions reveal the architecture of network information flow for context processing in primate brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intercollicular commissural connections refine the representation of sound frequency and level in the auditory midbrain

    Llwyd David Orton, Adrian Rees
    Deactivation of one side of the auditory midbrain while recording in the other shows that the two sides cooperate in processing frequency and in enhancing the encoding of sound level.
    1. Neuroscience

    ON selectivity in the Drosophila visual system is a multisynaptic process involving both glutamatergic and GABAergic inhibition

    Sebastian Molina-Obando et al.
    A fundamental visual computation, the establishment of ON selectivity, is established across distributed circuits, allowing for more robust and flexible coding than suggested by core circuit motifs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory cortex is optimized for prediction of future input

    Yosef Singer et al.
    Prediction of future input explains diverse neural tuning properties in sensory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex-specific processing of social cues in the medial amygdala

    Joseph F Bergan et al.
    Male and female mice respond differently to the same pheromone signals, and the representation of these sensory stimuli by neurons in the medial amygdala correlates precisely with the differences in behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    A double-sided microscope to realize whole-ganglion imaging of membrane potential in the medicinal leech

    Yusuke Tomina, Daniel A Wagenaar
    For the first time, action potentials and subthreshold postsynaptic potentials of almost all individual identifiable neurons within a functional unit of the leech nervous system were simultaneously imaged during sensory processing and behavioral generation.
    1. Neuroscience

    State-dependent cell-type-specific membrane potential dynamics and unitary synaptic inputs in awake mice

    Aurélie Pala, Carl CH Petersen
    Membrane potential recordings in awake mice from two genetically defined classes of neocortical inhibitory neurons reveal their distinct patterns of activity and unitary excitatory synaptic inputs, which are differentially modulated by behavior and local network activity.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Temporal processing and context dependency in Caenorhabditis elegans response to mechanosensation

    Mochi Liu et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans behavioral response to a mechanosensory signal depends on both the temporal properties of the signal, such as its rate of change, and the animal's current behavior state.