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8,569 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Organic electrochemical transistor arrays for real-time mapping of evoked neurotransmitter release in vivo

    Kai Xie et al.
    An implantable device based on organic electrochemical transistors is developed for quantitative mapping of neurotransmitter release across multiple brain regions, revealing a cross-talk between the mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroanatomy of a hydrothermal vent shrimp provides insights into the evolution of crustacean integrative brain centers

    Julia Machon et al.
    A neuroanatomical analysis of Rimicaris exoculata provides insights into these animal’s brain architecture to illustrate possible adaptations to the hydrothermal vent habitat with its extreme physicochemical conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The wiring diagram of a glomerular olfactory system

    Matthew E Berck et al.
    The complete neural circuit map of a tractable olfactory system will support studies towards bridging the gap between circuits and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular cartography of the organ of Corti based on optical tissue clearing and machine learning

    Shinji Urata et al.
    A method of generating comprehensive maps of cochlear cells was created and enabled researchers to study characteristics of cellular damage in aged and noise-exposed inner ear.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-scale mapping along the auditory hierarchy using high-resolution functional UltraSound in the awake ferret

    Célian Bimbard et al.
    Functional UltraSound imaging allows mapping tonotopic organisation in multiple auditory subcortical and cortical brain structures with an unprecedented spatial functional resolution, while giving access to long-distance top-down connectivity pattern from frontal cortex to auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response to short-term deprivation of the human adult visual cortex measured with 7T BOLD

    Paola Binda et al.
    Two hour deprivation of vision in one eye transiently boosts the representation of the deprived eye (suppressing the non-deprived eye) in adult human V1 and along the ventral pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two single-point mutations shift the ligand selectivity of a pheromone receptor between two closely related moth species

    Ke Yang et al.
    Differing from its ortholog in Helicoverpa armigera, pheromone receptor HassOr14b is tuned to the major sex pheromone component in H. assulta, and two amino acids in the intracellular domain determine their ligand selectivity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tuning movement for sensing in an uncertain world

    Chen Chen et al.
    Animals work in a world full of surprises, where using energy to position sensors proportional to the location's expected information avoids the pitfalls of positioning them at the information maxima.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.

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