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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD14 release induced by P2X7 receptor restricts inflammation and increases survival during sepsis

    Cristina Alarcón-Vila et al.
    A murine model of sepsis shows that the purinergic P2X7 receptor controls the release of CD14 in extracellular vesicles playing a key role in cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Chronic muscle weakness and mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy in a preclinical sepsis model

    Allison M Owen et al.
    Sepsis-induced long-term muscle weakness was reproduced using a refined murine model, which was accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy, suggesting the promise of mitochondria-targeted post-sepsis therapies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Cell Biology

    The step-wise pathway of septin hetero-octamer assembly in budding yeast

    Andrew Weems, Michael McMurray
    In budding yeast cells, slow monomeric septin GTPase activity and the cytosolic GTP:GDP ratio dictate the relative incorporation of alternative subunits during septin hetero-oligomer assembly, which proceeds by discrete, ordered steps dependent on allostery between interaction interfaces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Predicting the effect of statins on cancer risk using genetic variants from a Mendelian randomization study in the UK Biobank

    Paul Carter et al.
    Genetic evidence in humans suggests that statins reduce cancer risk via a cholesterol-independent pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    POMC neurons expressing leptin receptors coordinate metabolic responses to fasting via suppression of leptin levels

    Alexandre Caron et al.
    A subset of hypothalamic POMC neurons that express leptin receptors control metabolic responses to changing energy availability including regulating blood glucose and leptin levels.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells mediate protective host responses in sepsis

    Shubhanshi Trivedi et al.
    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, highly activated and dysfunctional in sepsis patients, contribute to tissue-specific cytokine responses that are protective against mortality during experimental sepsis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spectral clustering of risk score trajectories stratifies sepsis patients by clinical outcome and interventions received

    Ran Liu et al.
    Spectral clustering applied to risk trajectories of sepsis patients discovered four distinct clusters stratified by risk of septic shock, mortality, and treatments received prior to an abrupt physiological transition.