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    1. Neuroscience

    Learning multiple variable-speed sequences in striatum via cortical tutoring

    James M Murray, G Sean Escola
    Inspired by the sparse, sequential neural activity patterns observed in striatum, a new circuit model implements variable-speed activity, the encoding of multiple sequences, and a tutor/student relationship between cortex and striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Consolidation alters motor sequence-specific distributed representations

    Basile Pinsard et al.
    The consolidation of newly acquired motor skills induces a functional reorganization of sequential information representations within secondary motor cortex, basal ganglia and hippocampus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Assessing long-distance RNA sequence connectivity via RNA-templated DNA–DNA ligation

    Christian K Roy et al.
    SeqZip is a new DNA ligation-based method to condense and maintain exon connectivity information within individual RNA molecules, which can provide new insights into alternative splicing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Reporter-ChIP-nexus reveals strong contribution of the Drosophila initiator sequence to RNA polymerase pausing

    Wanqing Shao et al.
    Reporter-ChIP-nexus captures paused Pol II on transfected plasmids and shows that pausing stability is influenced by core promoter sequences, especially by the initiator with a G at +2 position.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diverse functions of homologous actin isoforms are defined by their nucleotide, rather than their amino acid sequence

    Pavan Vedula et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in mice reveals that diverse functions of actin isoforms are defined by their nucleotide, rather than their amino acid sequence, suggesting a novel mechanism of nucleotide-dependent protein regulation in eukaryotic genomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Prediction and characterization of enzymatic activities guided by sequence similarity and genome neighborhood networks

    Suwen Zhao et al.
    Genome neighborhood networks provide an efficient large-scale approach to mine metabolic pathway context for entire families of proteins and enzymes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.