2,085 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes trial-by-trial learning of risky, but not spatial, biases

    Christine M Constantinople et al.
    The lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes learning of abstract, task-specific biases, but not spatial ones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Choice history biases subsequent evidence accumulation

    Anne E Urai et al.
    Choice history signals bias the interpretation of current sensory input, akin to shifting endogenous attention toward (or away from) the previously selected interpretation.
  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: Characterizing causality in cancer

    Elena Rondeau et al.
    Ideas about causality from philosophy can help scientists to better understand how cancerous tumors grow and spread in the body.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transcriptional Reporters: Watching gene expression in color

    Julie H Simpson
    A combination of two fluorescent proteins with different half-lives allows gene expression to be followed with improved time resolution.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Meta-Research: Dataset decay and the problem of sequential analyses on open datasets

    William Hedley Thompson et al.
    Open data provides an opportunity to perform new analyses on preexisting data, but trade-offs are required to limit an increase in false positives.

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