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    1. Cell Biology

    High lumenal chloride in the lysosome is critical for lysosome function

    Kasturi Chakraborty et al.
    Lysosomes are highly enriched in chloride, which is essential for their degradative function.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism for the topographic alignment of convergent neural maps

    Elise Savier et al.
    Retinal ephrin-As gradients provide positional information, through retino-collicular map in the superior colliculus, for topographic alignment of cortico-collicular projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flatworm-specific transcriptional regulators promote the specification of tegumental progenitors in Schistosoma mansoni

    George R Wendt et al.
    The specification of tegumental progenitor cells in Schistosoma mansoni relies on a pair of flatworm-specific transcription factors that are related to genes regulating epidermal specification in free-living flatworms.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRPV4 is the temperature-sensitive ion channel of human sperm

    Nadine Mundt et al.
    The molecular identity of the temperature-sensitive ion channel of human sperm that ensures depolarization is TRPV4.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Doc2B acts as a calcium sensor for vesicle priming requiring synaptotagmin-1, Munc13-2 and SNAREs

    Sébastien Houy et al.
    Doc2B functions in two distinct vesicle priming steps; membrane localization occludes upstream Ca2+-dependent priming, whereas Ca2+-binding and interaction with synaptotagmin-1, SNAREs, and Munc13-2 are involved in downstream priming, which makes vesicles readily releasable.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cytokine receptor-Eb1 interaction couples cell polarity and fate during asymmetric cell division

    Cuie Chen et al.
    A separation-of-function mutation reveals that a niche ligand receptor Dome functions in spindle orientation during asymmetric stem cell division by directly binding to Eb1, independent of its role in downstream JAK-STAT signaling.