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10,283 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The rise and fall of the ancient northern pike master sex-determining gene

    Qiaowei Pan et al.
    Tracing the evolution of an old master sex determination gene reveals a diversity of sex determination transitions, including a complete Y chromosome loss, among an old teleost order (Esociformes).
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuroblast-specific open chromatin allows the temporal transcription factor, Hunchback, to bind neuroblast-specific loci

    Sonia Q Sen et al.
    Spatial factors generate neuroblast-specific open chromatin, thereby biasing the subsequent binding of transcription factors to produce neuroblast-specific neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid sex-specific adaptation to high temperature in Drosophila

    Sheng-Kai Hsu et al.
    Within 100 generations after an environmental shift in an evolution experiment, rapid sex-specific adaptation occurred, which is potentially facilitated by selection on standing variation in sex-specific genetic architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hipposeq: a comprehensive RNA-seq database of gene expression in hippocampal principal neurons

    Mark S Cembrowski et al.
    Gene expression was analyzed in hippocampal principal cells, enabling cellular phenotyping and revealing novel organizational principles; complementing this, a publicly available website is released to provide outside analysis and visualization of hippocampal RNA-seq data in an accessible fashion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns

    Jermyn Z See et al.
    Auditory cortical columns contain small subsets of neurons with highly synchronous activity (cNEs) that create robust sequences of coordinated activity suitable for enhanced information processing and signal transmission beyond the capability of individual neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    GLI transcriptional repression regulates tissue-specific enhancer activity in response to Hedgehog signaling

    Rachel K Lex et al.
    GLI3 represses Hedgehog target gene expression by regulating histone modifications at a subset of tissue-specific GLI-bound enhancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the endogenous ESX-3 secretion system

    Nicole Poweleit et al.
    The structure of the endogenous ESX-3 secretion system reveals a highly coordinated inner membrane complex and suggests a mechanism for the regulated secretion of ESX substrates.

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